water Archives - Water Treatment Plants

October 27, 2023
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The major role Water plays is nature is to sustain life on our planet Earth . It can be varying from supporting flora-fauna growth along with its development including us as humans on ground surface , to help animal species to live in it , from granting various beings(including insects , amphibians , fishes etc.) as a platform for mating/breeding , even to provide nutrients & minerals to the water species living inside .So lets discuss what is the role of water in nature.

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We humans are now very much aware about the essentiality of water(which exists as a finite resource) not only to the Human Beings but also to the flora & fauna revolving around them playing a very vital role in the natural eco-system .

Water for human body assimilation & processes :

Water as a drinking & consumption purpose not only performs & completes each & every requirements human body parts but also take part in the assimilating courses/processes engaged within human body to sustain .

For a proper working & operations , body repairing processes & excretion in humans along with the flora-fauna, this only water encompasses a critical role as  almost each & every mechanism occurring inside body including  the chemical biological & physical processes depends on the supporting system of water.

Water is Sustaining & maintaining Life as well as other aspects of the nature in this Planet :

Water supports in maintaining balancing the food chain between humans , animals & plants .

Hydrological Cycle also known by the term “Water Cycle” holds to be a vital natural phenomenon occurring in the natural atmospheric eco-system that helps in maintaining & retaining water throughout the atmosphere .

Since, it’s a naturally occurring phenomenon this cycle is never biasing, it is prevalent to every beings on this Earth including plants .

Water cycle not only limited to maintaining water rather it supports & helps in transporting various nutrients , pathogens , planktons & sediments etc . eventually leading towards a balanced ecological system.

It have positive effects on the rejuvenation of rivers. Water for the environment/eco-system promotes the health of the river-streams , allowing it to meet human as well as flora-fauna requirements nearby .

Importance Of Water:

As the water rolls down the origin place & later flows into the flood-plains , carbons & its footprints are released  in an unconfined manner, energizing the food web & chain . Underwater Eco-system , Fish breeding & mobility is triggered by river waves & oscillations .

An idiomatic expression with an importance of water : “Jal hi Jeevan hai” which translates as “Water is Life!” . This idiomatic statement critically & without any doubt acclaims that without water no species/creature on this planet earth can survive/respire .

Water for Humans as well as other flora-fauna can be termed as an “Adam’s Ale” . Every flora-fauna surviving whether on surface or within water are in desperate need of water to grow, process , respire , develop , etc in every aspects in their life .

And if the water gets polluted naturally due to some reasons like Eutrophication & they don’t have that access to the fresh water, it’s going to affect their life and ultimately affecting the natural environment eco-system deeply .

Disturbing the eco-system by the means of industrial activities induced by the humans and their advancing technology is now like a trend .

Since, we being an aware & woke-up citizen of this planet , must pledge to conserve & protect water in whatever way possible whether engraving modern world technologies like the Reverse Osmosis , along with various waste water treatments systems like Sewage Treatment Plants(STPs) or Effluent Treatment Plant(ETPs) etc.

Being an aware individual, with the help & support of various Environment Conserving Warriors as well as authorities regarding protecting Nature , we can save our planet to an utmost possible position retaining sustainability in every field .


October 23, 2023
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A high-pressure pump is utilized as an integral part in the Reverse Osmosis(RO) technique to constantly convey/deliver pressure to the feeder straits/channels . The supplied stream is divided/split symmetrically into ‘brackish/brine(or reject) stream’ , which has a high concentration of dissolved salts , &  ‘permeate’  stream , which has a low concentration of dissolved salts .  So now we talk use of high-pressure pump in ro plant of a water treatment.

Operating principle of High-Pressure Pumps

Systems of Reverse Osmosis(RO) operates on the principle , increasing the pressure/force on the salt-side of the Reverse Osmosis(RO) & forcing the water past the semi-permeable RO membrane , leaving behind nearly all(approx. 95 – 99%) of the dissolved salts in the reject stream .

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Generally, High pressure pumps in commercial RO plants are susceptible/vulnerable to a various kinds of issues/problems , including :

  1. Water-seeping(leaks) from the pump-head causing severe damage to the pump.
  2. Unusual sounds create abnormal noises .
  3. Boosting-pressure becomes poor.
  4. Seals on the driving piston are severely worn , resulting in air -leakage .
  5. A reversing valve becomes dirty & sometimes fails to move normally .

And because of above mentioned problems these high-pressure pumps are subjected to fail, which occurs due to the following reasons :

  1. Harsh coarse wear & tear following the presence of solids in the water.
  2. Various Chemical Reactions within the elements , oily & greasy matter & particles present inside it.
  3. Scaling & Fouling
  4. Cavitations

Pump failure is costly in terms of interruptions , delays , repairs , & damages . Understanding the reasons for failure can helps in selecting pumping equipments , decreasing the chance of failure .

Determine  if the high- pressure pump on the equipment has failed , as well as whether the water-treatment accessories ,  & consumables are in excellent operating condition.

If neither waste-water nor clean water  is discharged , or if only a little amount of wastewater is discharged, the pre-filter may get jammed .

Detailed Elaboration of the Reasons/causes for the High-Pressure Pump Failures in the RO plant :

Abrasive wear is caused by solids in the water :

Because mineral water-pump stations have greater levels of filtration, this type of wear is often reduced , albeit pebbles or other debris may become caught inside the pump & cause issues .

This material is significantly more prevalent in raw water pump stations . Gravel occasionally makes its way into the completed water system , most often as a result of a construction project .

Different Reactions occurring Chemically :

Corrosion & impeller deterioration are caused by chemical interactions between the solution & the impeller material. Water variables such as the chemicals used for treatment, cavitation, & water temperature may exacerbate these issues.

The corrosivity of the water in the pump impeller may be altered by how it is chlorinated by water operators.

Failure because of Cavitations developing :

Cavitation, which causes pitting & cracks in the impeller, volutes, & casing, can weaken the metal , increase flow resistance , & diminish pumping efficiency.

The service life of the shaft & motor may be reduced as a result of the shock loads induced by cavitation . Cavitation & the difficulties it causes can severely diminish a pump’s life, reducing it in half or more in extreme cases.

Fouling due to outside particles accumulating

Particulate matter adheres to the inside surfaces of a pump, most commonly in distribution lines linked to the intake or outflow, resulting in fouling. As a result, pumping efficiency & flow capacity are lowered, & the system may eventually fail.

This is an in-escapable problem, & it is especially prevalent in situations where the pumped fluid contains particles. On the other hand, many cleaning procedures may be used to keep the pump in excellent operating condition & boost its efficiency & capacity.

Looking for Reverse Osmosis(RO) plant where a firm/company provides you with the maintenance & cleaning services(including membrane cleaning) for your plant? Yearning for mounting & set-up one for your business commerce ? But perplexed/confused to decide/choose .

Netsol Water is one of the best water treatment plants(WTPs) & other Treatment plant production firm/company including RO plants as well . This firm/company  actually allocates  & allows you , assist you , & help you in establishing & determining decisions for which type of treatment plant is most preferred to the suitability of your desired requirements .

The most reliable also being the most trusted manufacturer & of a consultancy venture NetSol Water provides an excellent solution for almost most of the problems regarding water , &  waste water treatments plants . So these are the factors in  using of high-pressure pump in ro plant of a water treatment.


October 19, 2023
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Water crisis resulting water scarcity has grown into a collective Earth’s issue with the nations where only ample water resources available . So let’s discuss what india is doing for its upcoming water crisis. All creatures is born of water; all of them are sustained/surviving by water. When this water-well will dry, we will know the worth of water. It’s not too late to prevent this crisis of Water world.

Water is immensely valuable asset/resources for any creature on our planet Earth. So, it must be utilized very efficiently as its conservation as well as its preservation is very crucial in today’s world. Water can be protected & preserved anywhere if individuals are aware of its methods, in any place even if you are inside your home or while working/moving outside.

Responsible humans, being aware of the facts & values what water possess on this planet notably regulating body temperature , blood vessels flexibility , & various normal cellular  developments & activities .

In general, humans do need water but also all other living creatures on this planet somehow dependent on water for their survival.

On the contrary , numerous numbers of animals getting  extinct or are on the verge of extinction because water-related resources are not available at the moment to them to stay alive &  leading them to get extinct or die .

Sadly , water -scarcity developing within & spreading like a wildfire becoming a worldwide problem , resulting  in water conservation being the sole responsibility of water sustainability than ever .

Cause to climate change happening due to rising human activities has led to ozone layer depletion which in turn resulting in Global Warming .

Global Warming is a frightening issue rising high all over our planet. Melting down of Glaciers(freshwater source in the frozen form which possess as a threat of flooding plains if all melts down). Water treatment plants is the best provider of sewage treatment plants & effluent treatment plants.

With this growing human population in India, rising activities leading pollution have even moved towards up-gradation of technologies in every field India leading its industries with.  So lets discuss what india is doing for its upcoming water crisis.

This awareness of avoiding this crisis of water in India for the world of water, followed by few of the modern world advanced stage water management techniques to help prevent this crisis follows :

Rainwater Harvesting :

Rainwater assembling/collection is an extremely effective technique/way of conserving/saving natural water & recharging groundwater levels .

Rain water is assorted/collected & allowed to percolate/seep into a deep pit or reservoir in this technique of water-conservation , where it seeps down & increases the groundwater table .

Water Metering :

Installing water meters & measuring the quantity of water used in residential & business facilities is another effective means of reducing water waste.

The amount of water utilized is calculated & charged in-line with the water expense/price . Always keep tracking/monitoring check on the water-bills for unusually unexpected high utilization .

Grey Water Recycling :

Grey-water recovering is an environmentally -friendly way of collecting & recycling used & waste water from kitchen-sinks , dish-washers , washing machines , & showers for utilization in toilets , gardening , & other purposes .

Environmentalists have demonstrated & illustrated that accepting & adopting this recycling technique has reduced/minimized domestic water utilization by more than 70%.

Pressure Reducing Valves :

In essence , a pressure-lowering valve adjusts the amount of pressure in a hydraulic-system. These valves ensure that a pre determined amount of water is utilized .

As a consequence , downstream water-system aspects/components thrive further , longer & utilization of water decreases/reduces . This is an extremely wonderful water-saving strategic technique for industrial , residential , & commercial structures/buildings as well as institutional buildings of colleges/universities .

Proficient Accessories :

Water-efficient toilet tanks , sometimes called as green-toilets , faucets , & novel shower heads have flooded the businesses/commercial market , lowering water utilization by up to 60 per cent .

Changes or alteration in falling patterns of water droplets or gush in taps & showers, as well as greater flushing pressure-force in toilets/water closets , are pushing the perimeters or regions of conservation without disturbing consumption habits.

Reverse Osmosis(RO) Systems :

Desalination, a technique adopted in the countries where there are brackish water but no fresh water sources like the Middle-East countries, is a very efficient method of extracting fresh water from brackish salty water

But their installation expenses & products becomes very high because of which they are not prevalent right now.

But Reverse Osmosis(RO) technique on the other hand , has revolutionized/changed the world with water sustainability.

Reverse Osmosis(RO) is an influential/impacting, most convincing , most trusted/reliable, & a well-demonstrated innovation in the world of water which is able to deliver water that is appropriate for the large modern applications , domestic & commercial along with the industrial purposes/needs that require demineralized or deionized , purest form of water .

Reverse Osmosis(RO) currently being the most reliable , cost-effective , & accepted technology all around the industries of the world for cleaning water .

These analyses/considerations , we can imply that water is very vital asset to every creature living on this planet Earth . Water being a finite resource asset must be treated in a sustainable way as a resource not as a commodity that we utilize & throw in garbage.

Conserving Water have its benefits as :
  • It helps in saving your electricity bills while using less water while operating energy & water pumps for short duration.
  • Environment benefits has been witnessed while saving many trees from drying up , many animals from dying , many cultivable areas from getting dry, drought affected areas , river-stream from getting exhausted .
  • If one uses water sustainably while thinking of the generations to come, then it may prevent or delay the constructions of many water & waste water treatment plants whose revenue/profit earning costs is very much helps in saving taxes .

Following the five R’s of the Environment supports the system of protecting Environment in every way possible that is Refuse, Reduce, Re-use, Re-purpose, Re-cycle.

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October 16, 2023
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As we already know how essential water is, not only to the Human Beings but also to the flora & fauna revolving around them which posses a vital role in the natural environment . So lets talk how does water affect the natural environment.

Importance of water in the natural environment

Water not only fulfills each & every requirements  throughout their body or parts but also in processes involved in their parts to survive.

For a healthy life with a proper balanced working operations in humans & flora-fauna, water plays a very crucial role because most the chemical biological & physical processes within parts/body takes place with the help & support of water.

Water maintaining various aspects throughout the environment :

Water helps in maintaining the food chain within humans , animals & plants .

Hydrological Cycle a crucial natural process occurring in the eco-system/environment that help in maintaining water throughout the atmosphere. Through this cycle only water arrives for every being whether it is humans, or flora-fauna.It is not only maintains water but also helps in the transportation of various nutrients, pathogens, planktons & sediments etc. maintaining the ecological balance

Water Effects On River:

Water have positive effects on the rejuvenation of rivers. It is the environment/eco-system promotes the health of the river-streams , allowing it to meet human as well as flora-fauna requirements nearby .

As the water falls & flows into the flood-plains , carbons are released , energizing the food web & chain . Underwater Eco-system , Fish breeding & mobility is triggered by river waves & oscillations . So when we talk about how does water affect the natural environment these are some factors of its.

An idiomatic expression in Hindi language which especially focusing on the importance of water that is : “Jal hi Jeevan hai” which translates as “Water is Life!” . So, truthfully without water no creature on earth can survive/respire for long.

Every Plants & animals whether on surface or in water need water to grow, process , develop, respire, etc in all aspects in their life. And if the water itself gets polluted & they don’t have that access to the fresh water, it’s going to affect their life and eventually the natural environment eco-system is disturbed heavily.

Disturbing the eco-system by the means of industrial activities induced by the humans and their advancing technology is now like a trend .

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This trend have a collateral damage which is actually ruining each &  every life present on Earth leading some of them to get exhausted or extinct.

Human Activities like deforestation, overgrazing by the animals have led to the problem of soil run-off .

The grasslands, vegetation fields & the trees in the forests down the slopes of a land/mountains are being cleared due to the human and animals needs & activities which leads to water along with soil nutrients getting drained off to the rivers, drains decreasing the soils retention capability of providing nutrients to the plants & trees.

Briefly, Water affects the Natural Eco-system/Environment as:

Major decline in the access to fresh water to the living creatures

Humans , Flora & Fauna completely rely on the resources of water for our survival, & healthy hygienic water is our need . But growing water pollution hinders that need of procuring fresh/ hygienic water supply while meeting the demands .

Growing Human Population in our planet has been alarming to acquire more supply of water eventually more storage of water as reservoirs, lakes, ponds, etc

But Alas! That seems to be very difficult due to the contamination of our water sources resulting in decreased quantity of fresh water storage from where water could be taken out for short treatment and supply distribution.

Fatal damages to our Bio-Diversity

Water pollution exhausts aquatic habitats and results in uncontrollable phytoplankton blooming in lakes-ponds , triggering eutrophication .

Eutrophication in water- Bad signs for water eco-system:

Eutrophication occurs when there is an excess of nutrients in water, typically nitrogen & phosphates . Algae thrive on the nutrients that exist in the water, expanding, & turning green .

The growth of algal blooms may stink, restrict sunlight, & , in rare situations, produce poisons-toxins . When algae die, bacteria break down them, using the oxygen present in the water & required by fish & other aquatic life to breathe.

If enough oxygen is withdrawn from the water, it can become undernourished-hypoxic, which means there isn’t enough oxygen to support life, resulting in creating a dead zone.

Eventually Poisoning to the food chain.

Fishing in contaminated rivers-streams & utilizing waste water for animal production & crops may leach toxins into foods that are damaging to our health when consumed.

Water-Scarcity resulting towards crisis of safe & drinking water.

According to the UN, billions of people throughout the world lack access to safe drinking water and sanitation, particularly in rural regions.

Water pollution make water prone to water-borne Diseases.

The World Health Organization(WHO) estimates that over & around 2 billion people are forced to drink unclean unhygienic water, exposing them to illnesses such as cholera, hepatitis A, and dysentery.

A spiking increase in the Infant mortality because of Diarrhoeal infections, cholera, dysentery & typhoid caused by a lack of cleanliness, least maintenance of the apparatuses of water that are reaching people causing fatalities around 1,000 children each & every day, according to the reports of United Nations(UN) .

Looking for a Reverse Osmosis plant to procure fresh, clean & safe water ? But if you can’t decide/choose , ” Netsol Water ” is one of the best water treatment plant(WTP) & other Treatment plant production firm/company .

They can actually assist you , & help you in determining/make decisions for which type of treatment plant is most suited to your desired requirements .

The most reliable also being the most trusted manufacturer & a consultancy venture Netsol Water provides a excellent solution for almost most of the problems regarding water , &  waste water treatments plants.


October 14, 2023
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“The future of water” -the topic itself explains a lot about the problems we will be facing with such as water scarcity across Pan India in the upcoming era of New India & how this nation dealing with it .

As the population is shooting up like never , water demands also rising to their heights . We must think about future needs to be met in advance while using water in a very efficient way so that the problems that we are facing are not faced by the future young generation/era . So what are the future of water in india lets discuss.

Our Earth & Water :

The Earth is a beautiful planet mostly full of water. But did you know how much in percentage of water do our earth constitute of , inside of it , & above on the surface of our Earth ?

Approximately around 71.00 percentage of the Earth’s on ground surface water is mostly covered with water , & the oceans accumulate approximately around 96.50 per cent of all Earth’s entire water .

Water in the form of vapors exists in the environment, in streams, ponds & lakes , on mountains as ice-caps & glaciers, as moisture within the soil & as aquifers inside the Earth , & even in humans & all animals .

Water is & always be dynamic . All credits to our water-cycle , planet’s water is continually moving from one region to other & as one form to another form . Planet Earth is incomplete/insufficient without this water-cycle .

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Scenario & Future of Water in India :

For India , being accounting for around 17 per cent of the world’s population has been endowed with just 4 percent of the world’s freshwater resources, which clearly highlights the need for it’s judicious use .

The heavier/greater side of the twenty(20) river-stream basins have water shortage/crisis conditions with the accessibility/availability of under 1000 cubic meters(m3) for each capita per annum .

As per a report of the Union Water Resources Ministry , the gross demands for water in the nation is assessed to increase by 34 percent by 2025 & more than 78 percent by 2050 , showing a significant breach of around 30 percent for the recharge rate limit flagging a serious water emergency in the nation .

The Niti Aayog’s Composite Water The Board Record , 2018 likewise features this critical hole as even the states with  the biggest metropolitan regions — Maharashtra , Tamil Nadu , &  Kerala —  are simply ready to give drinking  water to 53-72  per cent of their monstrous metropolitan populace .

Further , with over two thirds of the states treating not exactly 50 per cent of their waste-water , the metropolitan water  emergency is closer; as we are draining & mis-spending/exploiting water as well as harming it .

Almost 650 Urban communities & towns across India lie along dirtied waterways as per CPCB because  of our  lamentable treatment of river-streams as channels to untreated home-grown as well as modern waste .

Governments’ Efforts towards sustaining Water

Various government efforts with their missions, including the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation & Urban Transformation, the National Mission for Clean Ganga(Namami Gange), the Jal Jeevan Mission, & Community Drinking Water Missions & Schemes , contribute to the expansion of the Indian water & waste water treatment business .

The Indian government initiated the Jal Shakti Ministry in May 2019, uniting all water-related agencies/authorities under one ministry in order to ensure clean & safe drinking water for the people of India.

The Jal Shakti Ministry initiated the Jal Jeevan Mission soon after its establishment, with the goal of providing piped drinking water to 146 million homes in 700,000 villages by 2024.

The mission has allocated about $51 Billion(approx. ₹4.23 trillions) to states in order to raise domestic home water connection coverage from 18.33 percent in 2019 to 100 percent by the end of 2025.

Water meters , water quality monitoring systems, water management-related IT systems , tertiary treatment technologies , &  Procurement , water-related Engineering , & Construction ventures will benefit from this ambitious undertaking .

Advancements/Upgradation in the waste water treatment sectors

For treating waste water , the private-sector power , food & beverages , chemical-liquids , refineries , pharmaceuticals , & textiles sectors choose/select advanced or upgraded proficient treatment technical solutions such as reverse osmosis(RO) process with its membranes integrated within the apparatus .

These markets for water treatment are increasingly migrating away from chemical treatment & de-mineralization facilities & moving towards membrane technology .

As new technologies such as membrane bioreactor(MBR) & sequencing batch reactor(SBR)-based treatment gain popularity, the notion of wastewater recycling & zero discharge systems is becoming more commonly recognized.

Revolutionizing water world or breakthrough into the future of water

World is witnessing a revolution in every aspects in order to attain safe-secure environment all around. With the  goal of revolutionizing water sustain-ability , much technological  advancement  has been made to date , including  Commercial RO plants .

Commercial Reverse Osmosis(RO) plants have come to pass & widely acknowledged as innovative advances in modern water- treatment technologies . This technological advancement even has a breakthrough in discovering purified water  from brackish water.

One can be determined to investigate the advantages  & headways of Commercial RO plants , featuring their part in driving development for economical modern water treatment .

Commercial RO plants is a water disinfection , decontamination technique system , which assists with isolating the disintegrated dissolved pollutants & harmful synthetic chemical compounds for creating clean drinking water. Plant assists with producing water at a large scale good for utilization & lessens the risk of water-borne illnesses .

Commercial RO plants are commonly used to deliver water for commercial purposes, like in workplaces , eateries , & lodgings , hotels, restaurants etc . It can be intended to address the issues of a specific  commercial setting .

Commercial RO plant made to suit water needs at a more significant level like schools, hospitals.  It can be intended to address the issues of a specific commercial setting.

Commercial RO plants can further be categorized into following types :
  1. Litres per Hour(LPH) Commercial RO System
  2. Industrial RO plant system
  3. Compact Commercial RO Plant

Looking for a Reverse Osmosis plant? But if you can’t decide/choose , ” Netsol Water ” is one of the best water treatment plant(WTP) & other Treatment plant production firm/company .

They can actually assist you , & help you in determining/make decisions for which type of treatment plant is most suited to your desired requirements .

The most reliable also being the most trusted manufacturer & a consultancy venture NetSol Water provides a excellent solution for almost most of the problems regarding water , &  waste water treatments plants. So when you ask what are the future of water in india these are the major factors we can talk about.


October 10, 2023
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The waste water treatment procedure removes pollutants/contaminants from wastewater or sewage released by various industrial endeavors before it reaches springs or normal water-ways such as river-streams., lakes, estuaries, and seas.So now we discuss what is waste water treatment process?

Since the purest form of water isn’t tracked down in nature in that frame of our mind, (outside compound research centers), any differentiation between clean water & contaminated water relies on the kind & grouping of de-basements unearth/traced down in the water as well as on its planned or ordered utilization. In wide terms, water is supposed to be polluted when it contains an adequate number of pollutants to make it unsuitable for a specific use, like drinking, swimming, or fishing.

In spite of the fact that water quality is impacted by normal circumstances, the word contamination ordinarily suggests human action as the source of contamination. Water contamination, consequently, is caused principally by the seepage of sullied wastewater into surface water or groundwater, and wastewater treatment is a significant component of water contamination control.

The process of treating wastewater includes a nos . of water treatment steps , including chemical , biological , and physical ones . Mucks , effluents , and toxic  elements are successfully expelled from sewage , waste water utilizing the treatment  procedures . Waste water treatment  facilities utilizes the most  advanced technologies.

Various types of wastewater treatment process exists and some of them are as follows:

Effluent Treatment Plants(ETP):

An Effluent Treatment Plant is a wastewater treatment plant where the various treatments of industrial effluents and wastewater are processed. On a broader scale, The Effluent Treatment Plants are used in the industrial sector, such as the pharmaceutical industry where ETP are used to remove the effluents from the heavy large scale drugs.

Sewage Treatment Plants(STP):

Wastewater from sinks, showers, clothes washers, washrooms, and different apparatuses needs to go off to someplace. In the wake of crossing miles of sewer organization, it winds up in sewage treatment establishes whose occupation is to treat and release it.

Sewage Treatment Plants(STPs) gather , treat-process , &  discharge waste-water, providing critical support for environmental health & general well-being .

Common and Combined Effluent Treatment Plants(CETP):

The method of gathering, transporting, managing, and discarding commercial state effluents is known as a common effluent treatment plant(CETP). Domestic sewage and Industrial wastewater from plants are included in the emanation. They lessen the expense of wastewater treatment, increment aggregate treatment, and diminish the cost of land for limited-scope organization focuses.

*Sewage Treatment Plant differs from Effluents Treatment Plant as both are used for the treatment of wastewater but they differs on the ground of implementation STP is used for the treatment of wastewater from domestic households, schools, restaurants etc whereas ETP is for the industrial heavy wastewater.

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Let’s  discuss about the different stages that exists in the Wastewater Treatment Process :

  • First Stage–Bar Screening

Bulky objects are expelled from the influent to avoid harming the facility’s pumps , valves , and other machinery.

The hope is that after treatment, the water will be safe to re-enter the environment. Wastewater is defined as any water that has been used in homes, including flushing toilets, washing dishes, or taking a bath, as well as some water from industrial use and storm sewers.

The bio-chemical oxygen demand(BODs) of typical waste water effluent is 200 mg/L , while the treated effluent is expected as to be >30 mg/L as an instance of expected norms/standards. A wastewater plant must adhere to these standards or face harsh penalties .

Screening out large objects that have made their way into the sewer system is the first step in the physical treatment of wastewater because if they aren’t eliminated , they can harm pumps and obstruct water flow. Large objects are typically removed from the influent using a bar screen before being sent to a landfill .

  • Second Stage – Screening

Removal of Large Grit by forced passing influent over or through a grit chamber.

To avoid harming pumps and other equipment downstream (or affecting water flow), fine grit that enters the influent must be removed. This grit entailed to be pulled out of the grit-chamber since they are small-sized to be screened out.  The bulkier grit can be submerged to the chamber’s bottom , thanks to different types of grit chambers(horizontal , aerated , or vortex) , while the water as well as the organic material moves on to the next step in the process. Physical or manual removing & abandoning the grits from the its chamber’s bottom .

  • Third Stage – Primary Clarifier

Primary disintegration of waste water and solid organic matter .

Sludge or organic solid matter are pushed to a digestor or any other location by pumping for processing , drying , & removal after they descends to the lower bottom of the tank. An indispensable sign of how efficaciously the clarifier is operating in proper settling rates. The operator can alter the flow rate into the clarifier to change the settling rates and efficiency.

Following grit removal, the influent enters massive primary clarifiers, which separate out 25% to 50% of the influent’s solids. The cleaner influent can flow via these sizable clarifiers, which are 75 feet in diameter, 712 inches at the sides, and 1012 feet in the center, for instance.

A standard water-flow is vital for the primary clarifying to be very effective. The downstream water quality will suffer if the water flow is too rapid since the sediments won’t have time to fall to the bottom. The up-stream processing is influenced and disturbed if the water flow is too slow.

Sludge, or the solids that settle to the bottom of the clarifier, is routinely pushed away to prevent interference with the separation process. Any remaining water is then dumped, and the sludge is typically used as fertilizer.

  • Fourth Stage – Aeration

To promote the conversion of NH-3 to NO3 and to give oxygen for bacteria to continue to multiply and develop , air is pushed into the aeration tank or basin . Once the nitrate molecules have been transformed to NO3 , the bacteria extract  the oxygen from the nitrate molecules , releasing the nitrogen(N) as N2(nitrogen gas).

  • Fifth Stage– Secondary Clarifier

Pumping treated wastewater through a secondary clarifier enables any lingering organic matter to separate out of the flow of treated water.

As the influent exiting the aeration operation section, it goes into a secondary clarifier , where any sort of even very minute solids(or fines) , like in the primary clarifier , drop to the lower bottom of the tank. The tiny fragments , also called as activated sludge, are initially formed from a living bacteria. To boost the bacterial concentration, aid in their growth, and quicken the breakdown of organic material, some of this activated sludge is reintroduced to the aeration tank. The surplus gets thrown away. The organic content in the water coming out of the secondary clarifier has been greatly reduced, and it should be getting close to the projected effluent standards.

Sixth Stage– Chlorination(Disinfection)

To expel-out any left-over bacteria in the contact-chamber, chlorination is made to be introduce as the technique. It is necessary to analyze the departing effluent for the presence or absence of bacteria and to disinfect the water because the aeration stage increases the concentration of bacteria. This makes sure that bacteria in quantities greater than those allowed won’t be released into the environment. The most prevalent and affordable kind of disinfection is chlorination, but ozone and UV disinfection are also gaining favor. Before chorine is released into the environment, it is crucial to test the free-chlorine levels to make sure they are within permissible ranges .

  • Seventh Stage– Chlorination(Disinfection)

The performance of the plant depends on testing for the right pH level , ammonia , nitrates , phosphates , dissolved oxygen , and residual chlorine levels to comply with the Government permit.

A final experimenting test is carried out to confirm to be assured that the effluent exiting/leaving the plant complies/matches with permit requirements , even though tests are carried out throughout the waste water treatment techniques to guarantee adequate/sufficient water flow , clarity , & aeration. If a treatment plant system doesn’t matches/comply with the permit/allowance of discharge limits , the operator in-charge could be fined penalty and/or imprisoned.

  • Eighth Stage– Effluent Disposal

Clean water is restored in to the environment once it has complied with all permit requirements.

A final experimenting test is carried out to confirm to be assured that the effluent exiting/leaving the plant complies/matches with permit requirements , even though tests are carried out throughout the waste water treatment techniques to guarantee adequate/sufficient water flow , clarity , & aeration. If a treatment plant system doesn’t matches/comply with the permit/allowance of discharge limits , the operator in-charge could be fined penalty and/or imprisoned.

Waste water Treatment Systems are evolving with the technological advancements with the use of many smart tools which can process any operation remotely and instantly as well. ETPs manufacturing is on the rise for them to be installed in most of the industries.

Netsol Water  is the best company for the manufacturing of commercial RO plant, or any types of water treatment plants like an Industrial RO plant (which is a sub-type of commercial RO plant), WTPs , ETPs, STPs . The most reliable , the most trusted manufacturer and a  consultancy venture NetSol Water provides a grand solutions for almost most of  the problems regarding water , and waste water treatments . What is waste water treatment process these are the reasons of waste water treatment process.


October 9, 2023
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As we already know how essential water is to the Human Beings & not only that their each & every requirement of the throughout their body is met with water. For a healthy life with a proper balanced diet, water plays a very crucial role because most the chemical biological & physical processes within our human body takes place with the help & support of water. There’s a Hindi idioms especially focusing on the importance of water that is : “Jal hi Jeevan hai” which translates “Water is Life!” . So, it is really true without water no creature on earth can survive for long. So lets discuss how does drinking water affect humans.

Human Body is made up of almost water ranging from 50 percent to 80 percent, all these amount of water is utilized for various chemical process like absorption of various nutrients , digestion , assimilation , mobilization that is human movements , human excretion process and lastly to maintain the temperature of the body accordingly.

Importance of water in human body

The body is not able to function effectively if it does not have  sufficient amount of fluid(which is termed as dehydration). People who are not drinking enough water each day are more susceptible to developing kidney stones , heart -valve issues(heart artery blockage) , & maybe several types of cancer. Even a little dehydration can impact physical & mental function .

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Drinking potable water is of utmost importance to our mouth’s buccal cavity. Potable Water in most of the regions in India contains fluoride ions, which is good for a healthy teeth. This fluoride being an important ingredient in water has the ability to protect teeth against tooth decay. But one thing should be kept in mind that whatever comes with an advantage also possess disadvantage too with it, excess of fluoride is not good because it can also damage teeth . Excess of fluoride mostly leads to a condition known as Fluorosis.  Water is required in the mouth to produce saliva which in turn converted to simple compound that is salivary amylase which helps in the break-down of complex food substances that we take in as Food by tasting, chewing , swallowing and digesting them inside followed by assimilation.

Intake amount of Water in the Human Body as per daily need! 

The amount of water that should be consumed varies substantially from person to person . It is determined by your specific metabolism , the temperature, what you consume, your age , & whether or not you have a medical condition. Water consumption is crucial, especially for youngsters & the elderly.

One-fifth of our water requirements are met by meals we take in , with the remainder portion which is met by drinking fluids . The body eliminates water throughout the day via breathing, sweating , & going to the wash-room for loo .

Mostly an Adult Men require around 10 glasses of fluids(specifically potable water) per day , while women require approximately 8 glasses of water(plus an extra glass of water per day if pregnant or nursing). Babies require 0.7 – 0.8 litres of fluid per day from breast milk or formula , while youngsters requires 4 glasses(for one-year-olders) to 6 to 8 glasses per day(for teens) . A single glass of water in India is comparable to approx. 300ml.

Water can be acquired through a variety of fluids , including tea & coffee, fruit juice , & soft drinks. However, be cautious about how much of them you consume because they can cause weight gain , tooth damage , & an undesired stimulant impact.

If we don’t drink enough water throughout the day there can be many signs that may alarm you that your body needs to drink more water to be hydrated enough to be protected from various ailments related to de-hydration.

The signs & symptoms that alert you to drink more fluids into your body :

  • Tiredness
  • Loss of Apetite with light headedness
  • Irritability
  • Feeling very thirsty
  • Fainting
  • Dark Yellow Urine.

At the end of day , one needs to get hydrated to remain in an active mode throughout the day so as to keep the ailments away from you and continue the chemical processes occurring inside the body. So these are the reasons where we can say that how does drinking water affect humans.

Netsol Water is an industrial venture leading in the manufacturing of best quality of water treatment facilities such as WTP, WWTP, commercial RO plants , ozonation system etc,. to provide their consumers the deserving quality of life by getting the desired and best grade of water to be utilized for drinking , bakeries , and other various commercial and industrial requirements.


October 7, 2023
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Water pollution is characterized by the contamination of water sources by harmful substances that render the water unhealthy for drinking, cooking, cleaning, swimming, and other uses. Chemicals, waste, waste water, germs, and parasites are all examples of pollutants. Almost all types of pollutants ultimately end up in water. Pollution from the atmosphere settles on rivers, seas , oceans, and lakes. Pollution from the land can flow into an underground stream, then into a river, and eventually into the ocean thus polluting it . As a result, rubbish thrown on an empty land might ultimately damage a water source. Water pollution results in lowering water quality and making it poisonous and toxic to not only humans but animals out there as well and also to the environment. Lets discuss how does water get polluted.

Water pollution is a major issue that is menacing human health . Every year , unsafe water kills more people than any war. Meanwhile , our drinking water sources are finite : We have access to less than 1 per cent of the world’s fresh water out of 3 per cent of the total. Without action , the problems for achieving greater sustainability will only soar by end of 2050 , when the planet’s probable demand for fresh-water is estimated to be nearly three times higher than it is now .

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Water is particularly susceptible to contamination. It , sometimes known as a ” universal solvent ” ,  can dissolve any chemicals than any other liquid on the planet. Water is a universal solvent, as seen by the beautiful blue-waterfalls . It is also the reason why water is so readily contaminated. Toxic compounds from farms , cities, and factories easily dissolve and combine with it , polluting the water.

Few of the main sources of how does water get polluted can be discussed in details below :

Agricultural Farming

Lakes and reservoirs with toxic green algae. Using over 70 per cent of the world’s surface water for farming and livestock production , the agricultural industry is not only the greatest user of freshwater resources but also a significant polluter of the environment . Agriculture is the main contributor to water degradation globally. A lot of states have agricultural pollution as the primary cause of contamination in lakes , the second-largest source in wetlands, and the third-largest source in rivers and streams. It contributes significantly to the pollution of groundwater and estuaries.

The Ground-water & estuaries  also significantly get contaminated by it . Fertilizers , herbicides , & animal manure from farms and livestock operations flush nutrients and pathogens , such as bacteria & viruses , into our rivers every time it rains . Algal blooms , a poisonous soup of blue-green algae that may be damaging  to people & wildlife , are one of the most critical threats to water-quality of the world & are brought on by the nutrients pollution , which is brought on by too much nitrogen(N) & phosphorus(P) in the water/air .

Wastewater and sewage

Wastewater is used water. Think sewage when you think of it coming from our toilets, sinks, and showers. It also comes from commercial, industrial, and agricultural operations when you think of metals, solvents, and hazardous sludge. The phrase also refers to stormwater runoff, which happens when rain causes impermeable surfaces to release chemicals, oil, grease, and debris into our rivers.

According to the UN, more than 80per cent of wastewater produced throughout the world runs back into the environment untreated or not re-used; in some of the least developed nations, the percentage even rises to over 95 per cent causing water to pollute to a great extent.

Therefore, for these sewage, waste water problem and not re used water, Various treatment plant have been set-up such sewage treatment plant and effluent treatment plant for the sewage and effluent, waste water while the treated water obtained from the these plants are employed to the water treatment plants where these water are made to be fit for various purposes including drinking purpose ,& several other purposes in industries.

Commercial RO plants serves the purpose to its best. It has revolutionized many industries and commerces by providing this system working on the principle of Reverse Osmosis(RO) which can filters out every possible pollutants and purify the water utilizing various membranes. Commercial RO plant system has a great future for creating sustainability in this planet.

A spill of oil in seas/oceans

The bulk of oil pollution in our waters is caused by consumers, including gasoline and oil that leak from millions of automobiles and trucks each day, despite the fact that large spills may garner much of the attention. Additionally, rather than coming from tanker accidents, land-based sources including industries, farms, and towns account for roughly half of the estimated 1 million tons of oil that enter marine habitats annually.

Exposure to Radioactive materials

Any pollutant that releases radiation over and above what the environment naturally produces is considered radioactive waste. It is produced by uranium mining, nuclear power plants , the development and testing of military weapons , as well as by academic institutions and healthcare facilities that employ radioactive materials in their research and treatment plans. Disposal of radioactive waste is extremely difficult since it can linger in the environment for thousands of years.

Water can be subjected to conservation and minimizing  water consumption can be achieved to a greater extent if we follow the Five R’of the Environment – Refuse , Reduce , ReUse , Repurpose, Recycle.

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October 7, 2023
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Water is very crucial to anyone’s life. It must be utilized very efficiently as its conservation is very important in today’s world. Conservation of water can be done anywhere any place even if you sitting inside your home or while working outside. So let talk about how does water conservation affect the environment.

As we already know fresh water is a finite resource , and water conservation is critical for the ecosystem. Only 3 per cent out of 70 per cent of Earth’s total water , is only fresh water available to us . With population growth , industry expansion, increased construction activity all these giving rise to excess pollution , and the possibility of climate change consequences, the planet’s water supplies are under intense stress. Water conservation is an excellent strategy whether you have a municipal or privately own/residential water source.

Water is vitally important to human beings in many ways , notably body temperature regulation , blood vessels flexibility , and normal cellular activities. Sadly , water -scarcity developing as a worldwide problem , resulting  in water conservation being more critical than ever .

Not only humans need water but also all the living creatures depends on water for their survival. Most of the animals get extinct because water related resources are not available at the moment to them to stay alive and leading them to get extinct or die. By conserving water not only means survival for humans only but animals as well.

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Due to the climate change happening due to rising human activities has led to the ozone layer depletion which in turn resulting in Global Warming. The Global Warming is an alarming issue all over the world that has led to the melting down of Glaciers(which also possess as a type of  fresh water source in the frozen form). So here are some reasons where we find how does water conservation affect the environment.

While conserving Water one might realize its benefits as well :

  • It helps in saving your electricity bills while using less water while operating energy and water pumps for short duration.
  • If one uses water sustainably while thinking of the generations to come, then it may prevent or delay the constructions of many water and waste water treatment plants whose revenue costs is very much helps in saving taxes .
  • Environment benefits has been witnessed while saving many trees from drying up , many animals from dying , many cultivable areas all around world from getting dry drought affected areas , river-stream from getting exhausted .

Following the five R’s of the Environment helps in protecting Environment in every way possible that is Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Repurpose, Recycle.

Now let’s discuss how to conserve water that benefits the environment in turn :

It could be our Bathrooms :

  1. Don’t misuse your toilet as a trash can.
  2. Do not groom oneself either it shaving or washing your teeth while the water is running.
  3. Instead of taking a bath, take a quick shower. While soaping or shampooing, turn off the water.
  4. If you must use a bathtub, shut the drain before turning on the water and only fill it halfway. Bath your children in the same tub.
  5. Never dump water down the drain when it may be used for anything else, such as watering your vegetation or lawn.

It could be our Laundry or it can be our Kitchens :

  1. Instead of letting the tap water running until the water is colder , keep drinking water in the refrigerator .
  2. In a basin , wash fruits and vegetables . Utilizing a vegetable brush would be preferable .
  3. Defrost frozen items in the refrigerator over -night rather than using water.
  4. When washing and rinsing dishes , use a dishpan.
  5. Before filling the dishwasher, scrape rather than rinse the dishes.
  6. Instead of using the garbage disposal, add food waste to your compost pile .
  7. Use the dishwasher only when it is entirely upto the mark.
  8. While doing the laundry in the washing-machine, choose the proper water level or load size.
Water conservation can also be done domestically outside :

Sweep parking lots , pavement , and staircases instead of hosing them down.

Wash the car in a tub of water or try utilizing a commercial car wash that recycled water.

When utilizing a hose , use an automated shut-off nozzle to limit the flow.

Do not buy recreational water gadgets that need a steady flow of water.

Consider installing a new water -saving pool filter if you have one.

Maintenance of Faults in the Equipments :
  1. All leaks should be repaired. A leaking toilet can waste up to 200 litres of water every day. Add food coloring to the tank water to discover leaks in the toilet. The toilet is leaking if colored water emerges in the bowl.
  2. Install ultra-low flow toilets, or fill the tank of your normal toilet with a plastic container filled with water or gravel. Check that it does not interfere with the flush function of the toilet.
  3. Install low-flow showerheads and aerators.
  4. Consider buying a high-efficiency washing machine, which may save up to 50% on water and energy use.
Taking Water Efficiency measures at the Gardening/Cultivating land Watering :

Identify and fix all irrigation system leaks. When available, use adequately treated wastewater for irrigation.

Water the grass or garden during the coldest time of day (early morning is preferable). On windy days, avoid watering.

Watering trees and shrubs with deep root systems for longer periods of time and less frequently than shallow-rooted plants that require lesser quantities of water more regularly. Investigate about the standard water amount needed in our region for the dedicated soil type.

Set sprinklers to water just your grass or garden, not the street or sidewalk. Sprinkler systems should have moisture sensors installed.

Make use of soaker hoses and drip watering systems.

This way an Environment can be saved and protected while conserving water with the tips mentioned above , and while conserving water we are making our utmost efforts to help our Earth reach its  Sustainability to an extent what our planet needed.So these are the factors where we can say that the how does water conservation affect the environment.


December 2, 2022
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Wastewater produced by a range of production and processing procedures is known as industrial effluent. Industrial wastewater can contain a variety of different components, depending on the business. Along with other components like heavy metals, acids, and alkalis, organic molecules like oils, lipids, alcohols, and flavourings also interact with the water. Now we discuss about Waste Water Treatment Plant Energy Consumption.

Before being discharged to sewage treatment facilities for the general public, the environment, or internal reuse, this type of wastewater must first undergo pretreatment.

Let’s discuss in detail about the energy consumption of wastewater treatment plant.

The urban water system is now more dependent on energy for both transportation and treatment due to the increasing shortage of water. The availability of electricity may prevent metropolitan areas from becoming sustainable, leading to a shortage of water supplies and water pollution. Energy conservation, energy efficiency, and energy substitution have also become universal development principles due to growing climate concerns.

Techniques and data gathering

It has been noted that energy is used up during the treatment process in the forms of electrical, manual, chemical, and mechanical energy. Chemical energy is indirect energy, manual labour is renewable energy, while other types of energy are non-renewable. In terms of kWh/m3 of treated wastewater, each type of energy consumption is calculated.

Primary data have been gathered by field observation, and historical data have been verified through conversations with plant operators. For verification, logbooks and records of purchases and consumptions are also used.

Estimating the amount of electrical energy used

The electrical energy input is calculated by taking into account the total amount of wastewater that has been treated, the electrical load of the pump/motor (kW), and the number of hours (h) that the motor has been running (Eq. 1).

where P is the rated power of the electrical motor in kilo Watts (kW), T is the number of operating hours per day (h/day), and Q is the total flow of wastewater in m3/day. It is expected that the motor efficiency is 80%.

Energy estimation for the fuel

Using Equation 2, mechanical energy (Ef) is calculated in kWh/m3

where D is the quantity of diesel consumed in l/day and 15.64 is the unit energy value of diesel in kWh/l. Mostly, 5 litre of diesel per month are discovered to be consumed for lubricating and maintaining machinery.

Measuring chemical energy

Energy is the substance that is given off or taken in during a chemical process. By calculating the standard enthalpy (heat) of reaction (H) of the chemicals during a reaction, chemical energy can be computed.

Using Equation 3, chemical energy (Ec) is estimated in kWh/m3

Ec=n [ ∑ΔHp−∑ΔHr ] / Q × 0.000278

where n is the number of moles (mol/day), 0.000278 is the conversion factor from KJ to kWh, and Hp and Hr are the enthalpies (heat) of product and reactant production, respectively, in kJ/mol.

Conclusion

It has been projected that the complete treatment procedure will require 0.036 kWh/m3 of fuel energy (diesel). As a result, 1.07 kWh/m3 of treated wastewater is used in total. Compared to the value obtained in a WWTP, which was reported to be 1.69 kWh/m3 omitting manual energy, it is significantly less. Numerous research has solely taken into account electrical energy; hence their findings do not fully represent the energy picture of a treatment process. The amount of electrical energy needed for waste water treatment plants is found to be 0.80 kWh/m3.

In terms of energy planning, there are some conclusions that are important. First, of all the energy types used in the treatment process, electrical energy accounts for the largest share (52%) of total energy consumption. Only roughly half of the total energy use comes from this, though. As a result, other types of energy should be taken into account throughout the energy benchmarking process.

For any other support, inquiries, or product purchases, call on +91-9650608473 or email at enquiry@netsolwater.com


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