Wastewater treatment plants in India

December 2, 2022by newebay020

Wastewater treatment plants in India

Water is a valuable resource. The majority of the water on Earth is seawater. A little over 2.5% of the planet’s water is freshwater, meaning it doesn’t have any salt or dissolved minerals in it, and two thirds of that amount is frozen in ice caps and glaciers. Only 0.01% of the water on the globe may be used for human consumption. An essential human requirement is access to clean drinking water. Unfortunately, in the poor world, more than one in six individuals still do not have trustworthy access to this priceless resource.

India makes up 16% of the global population but just 2.45% of the world’s geographical area and 4% of its water resources. By 2050, the population is projected to surpass 1.5 billion people at its current growth rate of 1.9% annually. Water demand is forecast to rise from 710 BCM (Billion Cubic Meters) in 2010 to over 1180 BCM in 2050, with an almost 2.5-fold increase in both home and industrial water usage predicted. Urbanization in India is putting pressure on local government to provide infrastructure and basic necessities like clean water to consume.

The demand for portable water has increased due to the population’s rapid growth, necessitating the exploration of raw water sources and the development of treatment and distribution systems.

Here we are going to learn about the steps taken in India for the water treatment plants.

According to the Central Pollution Control Board’s most recent assessment, India’s wastewater treatment facilities are only equipped to handle little more than a third of the country’s daily wastewater production. According to the research, India produced 72,368 MLD (million litres per day), while treatment plants installed capacity was only 31,841 MLD (43.9%). 26,869 MLD of this installed capacity was developed and put into use (84 per cent). The actual capacity used was 20,235 MLD, or 75% of the operationalized capacity. In other words, only 20,235 MLD of the total 72,368 MLD of wastewater produced each day is processed.

Skewed distribution

Sixty percent of the nation’s installed treatment capacity is located in five states and union territories: Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, and Karnataka.

These six states—Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, and Rajasthan—along with UTS and five other states account for 86% of the total installed capacity.

There are no wastewater treatment plants in Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Manipur, Meghalaya, or Nagaland.

There are certain states, like Bihar, that do have a modest amount of Treatment Plants installed. However, they receive a zero for operational performance. In Bihar, sewage production is 2,276 MLD. It currently has a 10 MLD installed capacity and one Treatment Plant. However, that is likewise not working.

Assam produces 809 MLD of wastewater in a same manner. But it lacks even a single functioning treatment facility. The state makes use of septic tanks.

When comparing the overall amount of wastewater produced to that which is actually treated, Chandigarh comes out on top. It produces 188 MLD of waste water and has a 271 MLD operating capacity.

Conclusion:

According to government figures, 62.5% of India’s urban wastewater is either not treated at all or just slightly treated. Water pollution, recycling,  conservation, reuse, and recharge issues in the nation are made worse by the inadequate infrastructure for wastewater treatment and by poor operational maintenance.

Few states have implemented wastewater management regulations, including Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, and Madhya Pradesh. The efforts of a few states to combat water pollution are ineffective in the absence of a comprehensive federal mandate and standard regulations across states to regulate the untreated wastewater pouring into the water bodies.

Why choose Netsol!

We operate on a worldwide scale with our knowledge and wealth of experience in the construction of water and sewage infrastructure in India. We expand our capacity to offer the finest solution to satisfy the demands of our clients as we expand our global operations.

In response to local, cultural, and environmental needs, we help build ecologically responsible communities with durable water infrastructure. For any sort of support, inquiries, or product purchases, feel free to call on +91-9650608473 or email at enquiry@netsolwater.com.


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