water crisis Archives - Water Treatment Plants

October 19, 2023

Water crisis resulting water scarcity has grown into a collective Earth’s issue with the nations where only ample water resources available . So let’s discuss what india is doing for its upcoming water crisis. All creatures is born of water; all of them are sustained/surviving by water. When this water-well will dry, we will know the worth of water. It’s not too late to prevent this crisis of Water world.

Water is immensely valuable asset/resources for any creature on our planet Earth. So, it must be utilized very efficiently as its conservation as well as its preservation is very crucial in today’s world. Water can be protected & preserved anywhere if individuals are aware of its methods, in any place even if you are inside your home or while working/moving outside.

Responsible humans, being aware of the facts & values what water possess on this planet notably regulating body temperature , blood vessels flexibility , & various normal cellular  developments & activities .

In general, humans do need water but also all other living creatures on this planet somehow dependent on water for their survival.

On the contrary , numerous numbers of animals getting  extinct or are on the verge of extinction because water-related resources are not available at the moment to them to stay alive &  leading them to get extinct or die .

Sadly , water -scarcity developing within & spreading like a wildfire becoming a worldwide problem , resulting  in water conservation being the sole responsibility of water sustainability than ever .

Cause to climate change happening due to rising human activities has led to ozone layer depletion which in turn resulting in Global Warming .

Global Warming is a frightening issue rising high all over our planet. Melting down of Glaciers(freshwater source in the frozen form which possess as a threat of flooding plains if all melts down). Water treatment plants is the best provider of sewage treatment plants & effluent treatment plants.

With this growing human population in India, rising activities leading pollution have even moved towards up-gradation of technologies in every field India leading its industries with.  So lets discuss what india is doing for its upcoming water crisis.

This awareness of avoiding this crisis of water in India for the world of water, followed by few of the modern world advanced stage water management techniques to help prevent this crisis follows :

Rainwater Harvesting :

Rainwater assembling/collection is an extremely effective technique/way of conserving/saving natural water & recharging groundwater levels .

Rain water is assorted/collected & allowed to percolate/seep into a deep pit or reservoir in this technique of water-conservation , where it seeps down & increases the groundwater table .

Water Metering :

Installing water meters & measuring the quantity of water used in residential & business facilities is another effective means of reducing water waste.

The amount of water utilized is calculated & charged in-line with the water expense/price . Always keep tracking/monitoring check on the water-bills for unusually unexpected high utilization .

Grey Water Recycling :

Grey-water recovering is an environmentally -friendly way of collecting & recycling used & waste water from kitchen-sinks , dish-washers , washing machines , & showers for utilization in toilets , gardening , & other purposes .

Environmentalists have demonstrated & illustrated that accepting & adopting this recycling technique has reduced/minimized domestic water utilization by more than 70%.

Pressure Reducing Valves :

In essence , a pressure-lowering valve adjusts the amount of pressure in a hydraulic-system. These valves ensure that a pre determined amount of water is utilized .

As a consequence , downstream water-system aspects/components thrive further , longer & utilization of water decreases/reduces . This is an extremely wonderful water-saving strategic technique for industrial , residential , & commercial structures/buildings as well as institutional buildings of colleges/universities .

Proficient Accessories :

Water-efficient toilet tanks , sometimes called as green-toilets , faucets , & novel shower heads have flooded the businesses/commercial market , lowering water utilization by up to 60 per cent .

Changes or alteration in falling patterns of water droplets or gush in taps & showers, as well as greater flushing pressure-force in toilets/water closets , are pushing the perimeters or regions of conservation without disturbing consumption habits.

Reverse Osmosis(RO) Systems :

Desalination, a technique adopted in the countries where there are brackish water but no fresh water sources like the Middle-East countries, is a very efficient method of extracting fresh water from brackish salty water

But their installation expenses & products becomes very high because of which they are not prevalent right now.

But Reverse Osmosis(RO) technique on the other hand , has revolutionized/changed the world with water sustainability.

Reverse Osmosis(RO) is an influential/impacting, most convincing , most trusted/reliable, & a well-demonstrated innovation in the world of water which is able to deliver water that is appropriate for the large modern applications , domestic & commercial along with the industrial purposes/needs that require demineralized or deionized , purest form of water .

Reverse Osmosis(RO) currently being the most reliable , cost-effective , & accepted technology all around the industries of the world for cleaning water .

These analyses/considerations , we can imply that water is very vital asset to every creature living on this planet Earth . Water being a finite resource asset must be treated in a sustainable way as a resource not as a commodity that we utilize & throw in garbage.

Conserving Water have its benefits as :
  • It helps in saving your electricity bills while using less water while operating energy & water pumps for short duration.
  • Environment benefits has been witnessed while saving many trees from drying up , many animals from dying , many cultivable areas from getting dry, drought affected areas , river-stream from getting exhausted .
  • If one uses water sustainably while thinking of the generations to come, then it may prevent or delay the constructions of many water & waste water treatment plants whose revenue/profit earning costs is very much helps in saving taxes .

Following the five R’s of the Environment supports the system of protecting Environment in every way possible that is Refuse, Reduce, Re-use, Re-purpose, Re-cycle.

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October 16, 2023

As we already know how essential water is, not only to the Human Beings but also to the flora & fauna revolving around them which posses a vital role in the natural environment . So lets talk how does water affect the natural environment.

Importance of water in the natural environment

Water not only fulfills each & every requirements  throughout their body or parts but also in processes involved in their parts to survive.

For a healthy life with a proper balanced working operations in humans & flora-fauna, water plays a very crucial role because most the chemical biological & physical processes within parts/body takes place with the help & support of water.

Water maintaining various aspects throughout the environment :

Water helps in maintaining the food chain within humans , animals & plants .

Hydrological Cycle a crucial natural process occurring in the eco-system/environment that help in maintaining water throughout the atmosphere. Through this cycle only water arrives for every being whether it is humans, or flora-fauna.It is not only maintains water but also helps in the transportation of various nutrients, pathogens, planktons & sediments etc. maintaining the ecological balance

Water Effects On River:

Water have positive effects on the rejuvenation of rivers. It is the environment/eco-system promotes the health of the river-streams , allowing it to meet human as well as flora-fauna requirements nearby .

As the water falls & flows into the flood-plains , carbons are released , energizing the food web & chain . Underwater Eco-system , Fish breeding & mobility is triggered by river waves & oscillations . So when we talk about how does water affect the natural environment these are some factors of its.

An idiomatic expression in Hindi language which especially focusing on the importance of water that is : “Jal hi Jeevan hai” which translates as “Water is Life!” . So, truthfully without water no creature on earth can survive/respire for long.

Every Plants & animals whether on surface or in water need water to grow, process , develop, respire, etc in all aspects in their life. And if the water itself gets polluted & they don’t have that access to the fresh water, it’s going to affect their life and eventually the natural environment eco-system is disturbed heavily.

Disturbing the eco-system by the means of industrial activities induced by the humans and their advancing technology is now like a trend .

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This trend have a collateral damage which is actually ruining each &  every life present on Earth leading some of them to get exhausted or extinct.

Human Activities like deforestation, overgrazing by the animals have led to the problem of soil run-off .

The grasslands, vegetation fields & the trees in the forests down the slopes of a land/mountains are being cleared due to the human and animals needs & activities which leads to water along with soil nutrients getting drained off to the rivers, drains decreasing the soils retention capability of providing nutrients to the plants & trees.

Briefly, Water affects the Natural Eco-system/Environment as:

Major decline in the access to fresh water to the living creatures

Humans , Flora & Fauna completely rely on the resources of water for our survival, & healthy hygienic water is our need . But growing water pollution hinders that need of procuring fresh/ hygienic water supply while meeting the demands .

Growing Human Population in our planet has been alarming to acquire more supply of water eventually more storage of water as reservoirs, lakes, ponds, etc

But Alas! That seems to be very difficult due to the contamination of our water sources resulting in decreased quantity of fresh water storage from where water could be taken out for short treatment and supply distribution.

Fatal damages to our Bio-Diversity

Water pollution exhausts aquatic habitats and results in uncontrollable phytoplankton blooming in lakes-ponds , triggering eutrophication .

Eutrophication in water- Bad signs for water eco-system:

Eutrophication occurs when there is an excess of nutrients in water, typically nitrogen & phosphates . Algae thrive on the nutrients that exist in the water, expanding, & turning green .

The growth of algal blooms may stink, restrict sunlight, & , in rare situations, produce poisons-toxins . When algae die, bacteria break down them, using the oxygen present in the water & required by fish & other aquatic life to breathe.

If enough oxygen is withdrawn from the water, it can become undernourished-hypoxic, which means there isn’t enough oxygen to support life, resulting in creating a dead zone.

Eventually Poisoning to the food chain.

Fishing in contaminated rivers-streams & utilizing waste water for animal production & crops may leach toxins into foods that are damaging to our health when consumed.

Water-Scarcity resulting towards crisis of safe & drinking water.

According to the UN, billions of people throughout the world lack access to safe drinking water and sanitation, particularly in rural regions.

Water pollution make water prone to water-borne Diseases.

The World Health Organization(WHO) estimates that over & around 2 billion people are forced to drink unclean unhygienic water, exposing them to illnesses such as cholera, hepatitis A, and dysentery.

A spiking increase in the Infant mortality because of Diarrhoeal infections, cholera, dysentery & typhoid caused by a lack of cleanliness, least maintenance of the apparatuses of water that are reaching people causing fatalities around 1,000 children each & every day, according to the reports of United Nations(UN) .

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October 10, 2023

Water-scarcity leading to water crisis is not atypical , even in countries with ample water resources . It is obvious that climate-change , together with human factors , is increasingly depriving humans specifically children  of their right  and not only children but all animals to have  access to safe water and sanitation . This may be because of a number of issues , such as crumbling infrastructure and distribution systems , contamination , conflict, or scanty management of water resources . So lets discuss about the what are the various kinds of water crisis.

Women and children suffer more from insufficient water because they are frequently the ones who must collect it. Water must be collected more carefully with greater care when it is farther away, which frequently translates to fewer hours spent in class with more time in collecting it. The crisis of water in schools has an influence on enrollment, attendance, and performance, especially for girls. Long distance traveled carrying water is quite strenuous and can put kids in danger or be used against them by the exploiters.

Access to clean water for drinking and  performing basic hygiene at home , in schools , and in healthcare facilities is hampered by a lack of water .  Water -in-crisis can cause sewage systems to malfunction and increases the risk of getting diseases like cholera . Water that is hard  to obtain also costs more that leads to water crisis in economic terms .

Due to this water crisis, the world is facing many drawbacks like :

  1. For at least one month every year, four billion people—nearly two-thirds of the world’s population —experience severe water crisis .
  2. More than two billion people reside in nations with insufficient water supplies .
  3. By as early as 2025, half of the world’s population may reside in regions with scarce water supplies .
  4. By 2030 , severe water scarcity may force 700 million people to relocate.
  5. Around 1 in 4 children globally will reside in locations with extremely high water stress by the year 2040 .

Also, Many nations and large cities across the world , both wealthy and poor, experienced escalating water crisis in the twenty-first century due to the problems of population expansion , profligate consumption , rising pollution , and changes in weather patterns related to global warming.

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Defining Water Footprint : Each and everything that we eat , buy , sell, or wear anything daily , weekly , or anytime, is needed water for the manufacturing of it.

Footprint of water defines the measurement of the amount of water utilized to create/manufacture each of the commodities including the services as well whether it is for crop cultivation , textile industries , or the fuels or any infrastructure.

India’s  water footprint , is 980 cu. meters per person , which  is lower than the 1243 cu. meter average for the world . India constitute about 12 per cent of the global water footprint .What are the various kinds of water crisis.

Water scarcity comes in two types :

Physical Water Crisis

Demand in a region exceeding the territory’s limited water supply is what causes physical or absolute water scarcity. Around 1.2 billion people, mostly residing in areas belonging to arid or semi-arid regions, actually live in areas of physical scarcity, according to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. As populations rise and weather patterns become more unpredictable as a result of climate change, more people are anticipated to be affected by this type of water scarcity.

Economic Water Crisis

The main causes of this type of water scarcity are either a widespread absence of water infrastructure or inadequate management of water resources in areas where infrastructure is present. And approx. more than 1.6 billion people , according to Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) estimate , have an economic water-crisis . Uncontrolled water utilisation for agriculture and industry at the expense of the general populace  can also lead to economic water-scarcity .

So when we are talk about what are the various kinds of water crisis these are the two main water crisis.

Technological Advancement for the Tackling the problems of Water Scarcity :

With classical engineering , many water scarcity  issues may be solved , frequently with quick results . Infrastructure repair is one of the most obvious solutions . The problems is in infrastructural repairs which include figuring out how to reduce installation/setting-up , and maintenance costs , specifically in less developed nations , and devising engineering solutions that are environment- friendly and also, address the effects of climatic change .

A crucial solution is the advancement of irrigation technologies. According to data from the Indian government, agriculture uses 70% of all freshwater resources. Flooding technique or surface-irrigation is the primary mechanism of irrigation in most of the agricultural lands. Flooding, on the other hand, often drowns fields with more water than what crops need, and a significant amount of water is lost to evaporation or during conveyance from the source. Reduced inefficient water usage in agriculture can be achieved by educating farmers about potential water loss from such practices, establishing precise water-use reduction objectives, and funding irrigation system upgrades and water-conservation technologies.

In places having access to brackish groundwater or seawater, desalination has been suggested as a solution to the problem of water scarcity. In fact, in a number of heavily populated dry countries, like Saudi Arabia, desalted water is already a major source of municipal water supply. Existing desalination technology costs a lot of money since it uses a lot of energy, typically in the form of fossil fuels. This is why it is typically only utilized in places where there are no viable alternatives for procuring fresh water. Desalination facilities produce large amounts of brine effluent and greenhouse gas emissions, which present serious environmental problems.

And for the mentioned challenges, Commercial RO plant set-up are revolutionizing the sustainability of water in these regions which causes less or almost no emissions procuring clean water that in turn causing less harm to the environment .

Different Plants Used For Water

Industrial RO plant (a type of commercial RO plant) is a kind of reverse – osmosis(RO) plant that  eliminates  the water  and  salts from the wastewater . This is then transferred  off to a treatment plant for additional treatment . The membranes in a Industrial-commercial RO plant  should be sup-planted or replaced every 3 years . The plants are  fueled by a mix of power and natural  gas helps in making environment ecologically safer .

In cities or towns where the population is expanding and water supplies are constrained, wastewater can be a useful resource. Reusing wastewater can enhance the quality of streams and lakes by lowering the amount of polluting effluent discharges that they receive, which also lessens the demand on the scarce freshwater resources. Wastewater can be recovered and utilized again for irrigation of gardens and crops, groundwater recharging, or leisure activities. Technically, reclamation for drinking or domestic use is feasible, but there is strong public opposition to this reuse. Water recycling facilities including water treatment plants are being built in a growing number of towns throughout the world.

At the End:

Water treatment plants includes two types of plants, one is Sewage Treatment Plant which are being operated for the treatment of waste water coming from domestic sewages from kitchen , sinks , restaurants , schools etc. Whereas, the Effluent treatment Plants are the water treatment plant system which are operated for the treatment of waste water coming from the effluents of various industrial ventures which contains harmful heavy metals , toxins , poisonous liquids etc.

Netsol Water is the most reliable firm that offers a wide ranges of products set up , like commercial RO plant , Industrial RO plant , ETP , STP , etc., to meet the requirements of the problems arising because of Water scarcity in Water crises. So when we talk about what are the various kinds of water crisis. These are main water crisis.

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