How India Is Solving Its Water Crisis ?

October 9, 2023by newebay020

Water-scarcity leading to water crisis is not a typical , even in countries with ample water resources . It is obvious that climate-change , together with human factors , is increasingly depriving humans specifically children  of their right  and not only children but all animals to have  access to safe water and sanitation . This may be because of a number of issues , such as crumbling infrastructure and distribution systems , contamination , conflict, or scanty management of water resources . So now can discuss how india is solving its water crisis.

Due to this water -crisis , even the whole world could be facing many drawbacks in coming years like :

  • For at least one month every year, four billion people—nearly two-thirds(2/3rd) of the world’s population —experience severe water crisis .
  • More than 2 billion people residing in those nations where they are living insufficient water supplies .
  • By as early as 2025 , half of the world’s population may reside in regions with scarce water supplies .
  • By 2030 , severe water scarcity may force 700 million people to relocate .
  • Around 1 in every 4 children globally will reside in locations with extremely high water stress by the year 2040 .

Also, Many nations & large cities across the world , both wealthy & poor , experienced escalating water crisis in the twenty-first century due to the problems of population expansion , profligate consumption , rising pollution , & changes in weather patterns related to global warming.

Coming to water crisis in India, we all must be aware that Water is the driving- force behind all life on this planet . India contains ~4% of the world’s water resources , yet it became water-stressed from the year 2011 . According to a 2018 NITI Aayog study , India is experiencing the most severe water crisis/water scarce in its history , with about 600 million people without  having proper access to clean water. According to the analysis , 21 cities , including Bangalore, Delhi , Hyderabad, and Chennai, probably depleted their groundwater resources during 2021 .

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Agriculture is the India’s largest consumer of water stock . Groundwater resources meet 80-90 percent of drinking water demands in rural India. The GroundWater levels in India fell more than 60 per cent between 2007-2017, with over 90 per cent of the extracted water being utilized in agriculture which is a worrying matter . According to an independent research by the Bharatiya Agro Industries Foundation in 2014 , rain-fed agriculture accounts for 70 per cent of all farmland in India. Despite this , 65 percent of the total rainfall is lost to the sea. Water contamination is another form of water stress, resulting in health-care collateral losses. Cities house 36 percent of India’s population yet are responsible for 70% of water pollution.

There is an urgent need/requirements to address the management of Water in India because:

  • Because water distribution is unequal, significant regions of India continue to be poor in both rainwater & groundwater.
  • Because of the uneven distribution of water around the country , the majority of the population faces water-shortage.
  • The demand for water in cities exceeds the supply. Furthermore , conserving water will assure the supply of clean water for future generations. This may be accomplished by ensuring that an ecosystem’s freshwater use does not exceed its natural rate of replenishment.
  • Water is necessary to irrigate crops in India since rainfall is mainly seasonal . Water safeguards the environment & wildlife.
  • Additionally, saving water saves energy. That example , by adopting water and energy-efficient smart appliances, one can help cut water use while also saving electricity.
  • Less intake of water keeps more water in the ecosystem & aids in protecting wetland habitats for plants , wildlife , & aquatic life. It is especially significant during the dry weather seasons .

Other Reasons:

  • The extraction of fresh water from ice-bergs has expanded dramatically in recent years. Water consumption has increased significantly , with the increase in the requirement for water-based power generation .
  • According to a report titled ” Composite Water Management Index(CWMI) ” published by NITI Aayog in June 2018 , India was experiencing the worst water- crisis in its history ; nearly 600 million people were experiencing high to extreme water stress/crisis ; & approx. 200,000 people lost their lives each year due to insufficient access to safe water .
  • According the findings of the research, India was ranked 120th out of 122 nations in the water quality index, with roughly 70% of the water being polluted.
  • It predicted that by 2030, the country’s water demand will be double the present supply, suggesting acute shortages for hundreds of millions of people and a loss in GDP.
  • According to the most current Central Ground Water Board statistics (from 2017), 256 of India’s 700 districts indicated ‘critical’ or ‘over-exploited’ groundwater levels.
  • India has surpassed the United States as the world’s largest extractor of groundwater, accounting for 25% of the total. 70% of our water sources are poisoned, and our major rivers are dying as a result of pollution.

The factors of how india is solving its water crisis With the advancement of technologies humans have moved forward with modern technologies rather than using the traditional ones, few of the modern world water management techniques can be postulated as follows :

Rainwater Harvesting :

Rainwater collection is an extremely effective way of saving natural water and recharging groundwater levels. It is collected and allowed to percolate into a deep pit or reservoir in this technique of water conservation, where it seeps down and increases the groundwater table.

Water Metering :

Installing water meters and measuring the quantity of water used in residential & business facilities is another effective means of reducing water waste.

The volume of water consumed is computed & charged in accordance with the water price. One must always keep his/her eye on your water bills for excessive-high consumption. It aids/supports in the detection & determining any kind of leaks.

Grey Water Recycling :

Grey-water recycling is a way of collecting used & waste water from kitchen sinks, washing machines, & showers & recycling it for use in toilets, watering plants, & other applications. Greywater , when comparing to rainfall harvesting, is abundant in volume .

Environmentalists have proved that using this recycling technology has cut home water usage by over 70 per cent.

Pressure Reducing Valves :

A pressure-lowering valve, in essence , regulates the amount of pressure in a hydraulic system. These valves guarantee that a predetermined level of water is utilized.

As a result, downstream water system components last longer & water usage is lowered. This is an extremely effective water-saving solution for industrial , residential, commercial, & institutional buildings .

Water Efficient Accessories :

The commercial market is overpopulated with water-efficient toilet tanks or green toilets , faucets , & innovative shower heads that helps in reducing water utilization by up to 60%.

Changes in water droplets falling patterns in taps & showers, as well as greater flushing pressure in toilets/water closets, are pushing the perimeters of water conservation without disturbing consumption habits.

Reverse Osmosis(RO) Systems :

Desalination process is an efficient technique in treating the sea-water to secure pure potable water and is adopted in the countries where there are less or no fresh water sources like the Middle-East countries specifically. Desalination is a very efficient method of extracting fresh water from brackish salty water but their cost of set-up and products becomes very high because of which they are not prevalent right now.

But the process of Reverse Osmosis (RO) on the other hand, has revolutionized the world with water sustainability. Reverse Osmosis(RO) is a influential, most convincing , most trusted, and a well demonstrated innovation in the world of water which is able to deliver water that is appropriate for the majority modern applications, domestic & commercial along with industrial purposes that require demineralized or deionized , purest form of water.

Reverse Osmosis(RO) currently being the most reliable, cost effective, & accepted technology all around the industries of the world for cleaning water.

From all these discussion, we can conclude that water is very crucial to every creature living on this planet. Water being a finite resource must treat it in a sustainable way as a resource not as a commodity.How india is solving its water crisis you read all information about it.

Netsol Water is an industrial venture leading in the manufacturing of best quality of water treatment facilities such as WTP, WWTP, commercial RO plants , ozonation system etc,. to provide their consumers the deserving quality of life by getting the desired and best grade of water to be utilized for drinking , bakeries , and other various commercial and industrial requirements. So these are the factors where we can say that how india is solving its water crisis.

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